FEDERAL PURCHASING REQUIREMENT
The 2002 and 2008 Farm Bills established a biobased markets program to increase the purchase and use of biobased products. USDA, the lead agency for this part of the Farm Bill, refers to the program as BioPreferred® program. The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 13 contains specific requirements for the purchase of biobased products as required by the 2002 Farm Bill. Biobased Section 9002 of the 2008 Farm Bill requires Federal agencies to purchase biobased products identified for a Federal Procurement Preference, except as provided in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 23.404 (b).
Federal agencies are required to give preference to the item with the highest percentage of bio-based content where purchases exceed $10,000 per fiscal year, as prescribed by 7 CFR 2902.3. In addition, Executive Order 13514, Federal Leadership in Energy, Environmental, and Economic Performance requires that 95% of eligible new contracts and contract modifications require the use of biobased products. An electronic catalog of biobased products is published by USDA’s BioPreferred® program to identify products that are eligible for preferred Federal purchasing, and to identify products whose biobased content has been independently laboratory tested and third-party certified.